25 Things to Say Instead of “In Conclusion”

Effective communication, particularly in business and academic writing, hinges on not just the content but also the way it’s structured and presented. A crucial aspect of this is how you conclude or summarize your points.

While “in conclusion” is a widely used phrase to signal the end of a discussion, it can often feel overused or lack the impact necessary to leave a lasting impression on the reader or listener.

As an English language teacher with extensive experience in business communication, I understand the importance of varying language to maintain engagement and clarity. This article explores 25 alternative phrases to “in conclusion”, each tailored to suit different contexts and purposes.

what to say instead of in conclusion

What to Say Instead of “In Conclusion”: 25 Alternatives

These alternatives are crafted to add variety and depth to your communication, making your conclusions more impactful and memorable.

1. “To Sum Up”

This phrase is a straightforward alternative that succinctly indicates you are summarizing your main points.

To sum up, the strategies we discussed will enhance our efficiency and productivity, leading to better customer satisfaction.

2. “Ultimately”

Use this when you want to signify that you’re presenting the final, most important point.

Ultimately, our goal is to ensure sustainable growth while maintaining the highest standards of quality in our services.

3. “As We Have Seen”

Appropriate for reminding the audience of the evidence or arguments you have presented.

As we have seen, the data supports a shift towards more environmentally friendly practices in our production process.

4. “In Summary”

Similar to ‘to sum up’, this phrase is useful for introducing a concise recapitulation.

In summary, the proposed marketing plan taps into new demographics and is expected to increase our market share significantly.

5. “Let’s Recap”

A less formal way to summarize, suitable for presentations or informal meetings.

Let’s recap: our primary objectives are to enhance user engagement, increase brand awareness, and drive sales.

6. “In Closing”

This phrase indicates that you are wrapping up your discussion or presentation.

In closing, I would like to emphasize the dedication and hard work of our team, which has been fundamental to our success.

7. “To Conclude”

It’s a direct substitute for ‘in conclusion’, signaling the end of your communication.

To conclude, our financial analysis clearly shows that investing in renewable energy will yield long-term benefits for the company.

8. “In Essence”

Use this when you want to distill your message down to its most fundamental components.

In essence, the success of this project hinges on three key factors: innovation, teamwork, and efficient management.

9. “To Wrap Things Up”

Informal and conversational, suitable for internal team meetings or casual talks.

To wrap things up, remember that communication and collaboration are the pillars of a successful project.

10. “All Things Considered”

This phrase is useful for highlighting that your conclusion is based on a comprehensive evaluation.

All things considered, the risks of this new venture are outweighed by the potential for significant returns.

11. “In a Nutshell”

Perfect for when you need to provide a very brief summary of a complex discussion.

In a nutshell, we are moving towards a more customer-centric approach, which will involve restructuring several key departments.

12. “In the Final Analysis”

Indicates a thorough examination and leads to a final, considered conclusion.

In the final analysis, it’s clear that advancing our technology infrastructure is imperative for staying ahead of the competition.

13. “Our Final Consideration Is”

Suitable when your conclusion involves introducing a last, significant point.

Our final consideration is the impact of these changes on our existing workforce and how we can ensure a smooth transition.

14. “Drawing This to a Close”

It’s useful for a more formal or lengthy discussion, indicating a gradual ending.

Drawing this to a close, I want to thank everyone for their insightful contributions to this discussion.

15. “Before We Finish”

This works well if you have a final point or reminder that you want the audience to focus on.

Before we finish, let’s not forget the importance of customer feedback in shaping our new product line.

16. “Bringing This Together”

Good for when you are concluding a discussion that involved multiple disparate points.

Bringing this together, our diverse strategies should integrate seamlessly to form a cohesive and effective marketing campaign.

17. “This Leads Us to the End”

Indicates a logical conclusion drawn from the preceding discussion.

This leads us to the end, where we recognize that adapting to market trends is not optional but a necessity for our business’s survival.

18. “In Conclusionary Terms”

A more formal and less common phrase, adding variety to academic or professional writing.

In conclusionary terms, the proposed merger aligns perfectly with our long-term goals and will provide substantial benefits.

19. “The Crux of the Matter Is”

Useful for emphasizing the most critical part of your discussion or argument.

The crux of the matter is that without immediate action, we risk falling behind our competitors.

20. “Our Concluding Thought”

A personal and reflective way to end a discussion or presentation.

Our concluding thought is a reminder that every challenge presents an opportunity for growth and innovation.

21. “In Closing Thoughts”

Similar to the above, this phrase offers a reflective way to end your communication.

In closing thoughts, the success of our project depends not just on individual excellence but on our collective effort.

22. “In the Light of This Evidence”

Good for summarizing after presenting facts, data, or research.

In the light of this evidence, it is clear that investing in employee training programs will substantially increase productivity.

23. “As a Final Point”

Indicates that you are about to share a significant concluding thought.

As a final point, remember that our customer’s trust is our most valuable asset, and we must strive to maintain it.

24. “In Parting”

A formal way to signal the end of a speech or written communication.

In parting, I urge each one of you to embrace the changes ahead as we embark on this exciting journey of transformation.

25. “The Bottom Line Is”

Suitable for a conclusion that focuses on the most important takeaway.

The bottom line is that we must innovate continuously to remain relevant in this rapidly changing industry.

Each of these alternatives to “in conclusion” offers a unique way to wrap up your thoughts, catered to the tone and context of your communication. By varying your language, you can keep your audience engaged and leave a more lasting impression, whether you’re writing a business report, delivering a presentation, or engaging in academic discourse.